Microdermabrasion is a pain-free cosmetic treatment, which involves the use of a machine to gently remove the surface layers of the skin. The aim is to improve the appearance of the skin through rejuvenation, as this type of exfoliation speeds up the skin cell renewal process. The skin is in effect wounded by this procedure and it heals by producing new cells, which leave the skin feeling softer and smoother. According to the London Dermatology Centre the treatment can transform your skin tone and will give you a better shine - see. It is a very popular alternative to other treatments, such as laser resurfacing or chemical peeling, as it is very low risk and recovery time is much faster than with more invasive methods. Whilst it is most common for this treatment to be used on the face, other areas of the body such as the neck or chest may also be treated.
Two types of treatment are available - the Crystal method, in which fine aluminium oxide crystals are sprayed onto the skin at a high speed and temperature with a hand held machine. A vacuum system is then used to remove the used crystals, dead skin cells and other impurities. Alternatively a device with a diamond-tipped wand and suction system is used to exfoliate the skin with a method similar to sanding. In the opinion of MedicineNet it is a very safe method for use on areas around the eyes and lips as it doesn't produce any particles.
This treatment is a good option for people with superficial skin conditions as it is rapid, has few side effects and recovery time is very quick. Thanks to the cell renewal stimulated by this type of exfoliation, it can help reduce the appearance of fine lines and age spots as well as diminish blemishes including mild acne scarring and damage caused by the sun. It can be considered for purely aesthetic reasons to obtain a fresher and more youthful feeling skin. As a cosmetic treatment it speeds up rejuvenation, stimulates new cell growth and the skin looks more smooth and luminous.
This type of exfoliation does not have a permanent effect and needs to be renewed. Whilst the effects are temporary, the American Academy of Dermatology suggests protecting the skin from the sun. Following the recommended skin-care plan can help to keep the effect of microdermabrasion for a longer time. As only the surface layers of the skin are treated, this type of skin peeling can be repeated on a weekly basis, although the frequency of treatments will depend on each individual's skin tolerance. For a more significant improvement multiple treatments are usually advised.